A Beginner’s Guide to Buying a Tortoise

Increasingly tortoises are becoming popular pets to have thus their availability has grown. But how and where do you buy a healthy and reasonably priced tortoise? Below I provide a simple guide on how to buy a tortoise the healthy, humane, and correct way.

Do your Research

Before you buy your tortoise you need to know what you are looking for. You should choose the species based off your ability to fulfill the needs of that particular species.

For example if the species of tortoise you want has a very particular and expensive diet that you cannot afford, do not buy that species.

Also, when picking a species you should take your experience into account. If you are a beginner pick an easy to take care of tortoise. For example, Russian Tortoises are small and not very temperature sensitive. While an Indian Star Tortoise should be left for advanced and experienced keepers only.

Where to Buy a Tortoise From?

Now that you have a species in mind, lets take a look at the few possible avenues of where you could buy a tortoise.

-Breeders

Breeders are individual people who breed tortoises as a hobby or a business. There are many advantages to buying from a breeder. When you buy from a breeder you know that you are buying a 100% captive bred tortoise that wasn’t taken from the wild. Also, the breeders can offer one-on-one advice for care and in most cases sell the reptile for a lower price than pet shops.

To find breeders in your area search the web on sites like Craig’s List or reptile forums like Tortoise Forum.

-Online

With a quick online search you can find companies willing to send you your tortoise in the mail. Most often these are large-scale tortoise farming operations. Before buying from one of theses companies, do your research and make sure they are humane and most of the time deliver alive and healthy reptiles.

Also, a good amount of the time these companies can provide accurate information on how to care for the tortoise.

-Pet Shops

Buying from big chain or local pet shops is not advised. Most of the time these reptiles are coming from poor conditions and being sold to you by people who aren’t very knowledgeable about tortoises or any reptile. Plus most of the time the reptiles being sold are overpriced compared to breeders. And pet shops have been known to sell beginners unnecessary, expensive equipment.

Horse Riding Lesson Guide – Got Buyer’s Remorse? 5 Tips About Your Purchase Contract

As an attorney, I am often asked by newcomers taking horse riding lessons, what are the buyer’s legal rights when they buy a horse. You are governed by contract law which is defined in your state. It is imperative to have a written contract so that your agreement is less ambiguous and easier to define.

Generally speaking, and one of the most important horse riding lessons is that the buyer purchases a horse “AS IS”, meaning that the duty is on you, the buyer, to examine the horse prior to the purchase. Any defects gone unnoticed and found after the purchase are not a cause of action for a law suit against the seller. It is truly a “buyer beware” situation!

Of course, any agreement can change the “as is” nature of the transaction. You may include in your purchase contract, for example, that the horse is 8 years old and suitable for a child to ride. If you later find out that the horse is actually 15 years old and was used by the seller as in gymkhana events, you may very well have a cause of action against the seller!

1. The more you can get in writing, the better. At a minimum you should expect to receive a Bill Of Sale in which the horse is identified by name, age, breed, color, sex and any other identifying traits that distinguish him from another horse. If any of those elements of the contract are later found to be untrue, you may have a cause of action if the breach is material. For example, if the horse is said to be 6 years old and in fact he is 5 years old, you may not be damaged in the eyes of the law. If the horse is said to be 6 years old and he is in fact 18, you would be damaged because you are buying a horse whose lifespan is significantly less than you expected.

2. If you can prove (that’s the hard part) that the seller engaged in fraud, you can overcome a written contract just as in other civil contract cases. Fraud is difficult to prove, however, because it requires that you show the seller made an intentional misrepresentation designed to make you buy the horse. For example, if the seller knows the horse has navicular disease, yet tells the buyer he is totally sound, the buyer has a cause of action if he can prove the seller’s knowledge of that fact.

3. Besides the written contract, look also at the advertisement the seller may have published. The ad could contain specific statements that could be interpreted as part of the bargain. For example, a buyer who purchased a horse advertised as having “no vices” could likely successfully sue the seller if, immediately after the purchase, the horse turns out to be a terrible cribber. Even if the contract says you are buying the horse “as is”, the written ad would likely give the buyer recourse anyway.

4. If the seller has a higher, specific duty to you, then you may have recourse as well. If the seller was also your instructor, he or she has an affirmative duty to help you buy the right horse above and beyond the normal seller’s contractual obligations.

5. Determine whether the seller is subject to the UCC? The Uniform Commercial Code governs the sales of goods from “merchants”. In the horse business, a merchant would be someone who makes a regular income with horse transactions, like breeders and livestock agents. If the UCC applies, then the transaction will come with two implied warranties: merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. This will mean that, regardless of the contract, the horse must be reasonably sound and healthy as well as suited to the buyer’s purpose. These can only be excepted if done so in writing in the contract. So, look for that language!

Do not lose your head when it comes to buying a horse. This is the first horse riding lesson everyone should learn! Think things through and get it all in writing!

For more information on contracts go to http://www.horsebacklessonsguide.com or http://www.equestrianriderguide.com

Buying Guide and Tips for Air Purifiers

Air purifiers and cleaners have become very popular items with the increases in allergy and upper respiratory illnesses. It seems that everyone is in the market these days for an air purifier. It’s hard to believe, but in many places indoor air quality is worse than the outdoor air. Air purifiers help eliminate harmful particles or contaminants from the air. Used inside the home, air purifiers will help to make the air that everyone breathes cleaner and healthier. For that reason, there is a good chance that you are in the market for a new air purifier, and if not now then in the near future.

When it comes to buying air purifiers, many consumers think they know what to look for. In fact, many consumers end up purchasing the lowest costing machine or the one that looks the best. However, consumers who base their decision solely on cost and looks will be wasting their money. Instead, take the time to understand the product especially the rated performance quality as it compares to the price. That is where you will find the true value of an air purifier.

The first step in buying a purifier or cleaner is to familiarize yourself with all of the available options. This can generally be done in two different ways. The first way involves visiting one of your local retail stores and thoroughly examining each product that they have available. Read all of the information on air purifier packaging boxes. In addition to comparing prices and products at the store, you should also use the internet. In fact, the internet may be the easiest way to do comparisons. Online, you can familiarize yourself with different air cleaning machines and also read product reviews.

Read as many online reviews of multiple air purifiers as possible. These reviews will give you inside information on the operation, maintenance, and costs of the machine. Reviews are just a tool to give you a starting point. You are still advised to common sense and do your own research. This is important, especially when determining the final cost of purchasing an air purifier.

You will find a number of different makes and models with air purifiers and cleaners. Some of these makes and models use filters. Certain types of filters may need to be cleaned while others need to be replaced. If filters in an air purifier need to be replaced, you need to determine when that filter will need to be changed and exactly how much it will cost. Many consumers overlook this “hidden cost” but it is extremely important, especially if you are shopping on a budget. In some cases, you will find that air purifiers need to have their filters replaced in as little as a couple of months ends up costing more than you originally paid for the air purifier. You are urged to stay away from these types of cleaning machines; many times they are not just considered air cleaners. Obviously these financial traps are not recommended purchases if you are looking for a high quality, cost-efficient and dependable air purifier.

If the air purifier you are interested in has a filter, look for air purifiers with HEPA filters. HEPA filters are often the best performing even though they are considered expensive. This is because HEPA air filters must meet specific regulations which are imposed by the Department of Energy and are the reason why air purifiers with HEPA filters are considered the most successful at eliminating unwanted or harmful air particles.

Air purifiers are sold all across the United States. A large number of retail stores carry these purifiers, including home improvement stores, home stores, and most traditional department stores. In addition to storefront retail locations, air purifiers can also be purchased online from a number of different retailers. Once you have researched and examined a number of different air purifiers and you have made a final decision, you will find that you have a number of different purchase options. For the largest selection of air purifiers, as well the ability to quickly compare prices, you may want to think about using the internet and shopping online.

Which type of air purifier you are purchasing matters more than where you shop. If you are looking for an affordable but well performing air purifier, you should be prepared to spend a little bit of time researching all of the available options. While this research may seem time consuming, it will almost always be worth it in the long run. You’ll be able to breath easier knowing that you made the right choice in your air purifier.

A Quick and Easy Guide to Buying Medication Online

Online purchase of medication is fast becoming a popular trend. Web-based pharmacies offer shoppers convenience and easy access even to prescription drugs. However, there is a caveat to this seemingly flawless practice. The clutter of pharmacies on the Internet makes it difficult to tell which ones provide quality medication. So the question arises: How can you tell if the online pharmacy is reliable?

Despite the warnings and the apparent dangers online drug purchase poses, it does not mean that you should avoid buying your medication online at all costs. Exercising proper caution should save you the trouble of dealing with scams, bad merchants and worse, unsafe drugs.

There are still a lot of legitimate pharmacies on the web, it’s just a matter of knowing what to look for. Here are a couple of quick tips to make your online shopping safer:

1.It’s a prescription for a reason. Unlike over-the-counter varieties, prescription medication have to be limited by the proper authorities (read: doctors, pharmacists and other health professionals). An online drugstore that respects this aspect of the medical world also deserves your respect. If the medication you need requires a prescription, make sure you get it from a place that also requires you to provide them with one.

2.Their professional opinion counts. When you have questions or concerns regarding the drugs being sold or the counter-indications that you have to know, you really should leave the answers to the pros. It is therefore essential that the online drug store offer the expert opinion of pharmacists.

3.Licensed pharmacies are the best way to go. Truth be told, not all online merchants of medication are US licensed. In fact, some aren’t even pharmacies at all. Make sure you look for this particular bit of information when considering a website.

4.Your security should be their concern. When you’ve determined that the online pharmacy is worthy of your patronage, make sure that any personal and financial information you send over is well-protected. SSL encryption on the payment page is one of the things you can look for. This feature scrambles the information that goes over the Internet so that only the intended recipient possesses the key to unscramble it. SSL encryption is especially useful for websites that conduct e-commerce.

5.Reach out and talk to someone. Whether you are doing business with an online pharmacy or any other e-merchant, good customer service and constant communication are two things that you must always look for. Look for a way to talk to an actual person even before you make a purchase. This will come in handy when you do find yourself having problems with the product or the service in the future.

Buying medication online is easy and convenient, just make sure you take the necessary precautions. Look at the sites careful and use good old common sense in assessing the legitimacy of your online pharmacy. These simple steps can serve as guidance to help you avoid potential health risks that may be caused by purchasing fake or unsafe drugs online.

FAQs and Buying Guide of Blackhead Removal Mask

If you noticed a few blackheads popping up here and there, it may be time to nip the problem in the bud and get yourself a mask specifically made to remove blackheads. There are many reasons for the new onset of blackheads on your complexion. Whether blackheads on your face have been around for quite some time or are a new occurrence, don’t panic. All you need to do is to find the perfect remedy, which happens to be a blackhead removal mask.

What is a Blackhead Removal Mask?

Also known as a blackhead peel off mask, a blackhead removal mask is something you apply on the skin of your face or affected area that removes blackheads. You may be wondering what blackheads are and how they are different from other skin blemishes. Unlike other skin blemishes, blackheads are dead skin cells that clog the pores of your skin. Aside from dead skin cells, your pores might also be clogged with extra skin oil, called sebum. People who produce more oil in their skin compared to others are more prone to blackheads. The reason for this is that the oil that the skin produces tends to attract dirt and grease from the air, thus forming more blackheads than others. The good news is that there is a way to get rid of blackheads and a blackhead removal mask is one method.

Do The Best Blackhead Removal Masks Work?

Generally, a good blackhead removal mask works by getting rid of your blackheads without too much fuss. Some of the best blackhead removal masks work by trapping the blackhead and hardening as it air dries. Once the top part of the blackhead is trapped in the mask, the blackhead is peeled off the pores of your skin once you peel off the actual mask. Other masks work by heating your skin in such a way that the pores of your skin open, releasing the blackhead. In other words, the blackhead becomes part of the mask and this makes it easy to remove multiple blackheads in one go.

The reason for the increasing popularity of best blackhead peel of mask selections mainly because they do work. Depending on your skin type and the product you decide to purchase, you should be able to enjoy blemish and blackhead-free skin in the soonest possible time. After all, aren’t you worth putting your best face forward each and every day? Indeed, taking care of yourself indicates self-love and is a rewarding experience in all situations, including job application, going to a social gathering and the like.

Revolution of Blackhead Removal Mask

In the past, blackhead removal was a tedious process. This was particularly true when you had a lot of blackheads in a concentrated area of your skin, such as on your face or on your back. People with a blackhead dilemma would have to go to a skin specialist or a dermatologist. The dermatologist would then use several gadgets and tools to try and remove each and every blackhead one at a time. This took hours and even days. Patients had to book another appointment just to get the rest of the blackheads removed. There were even instances in which a patient would come back for the rest of the blackheads to be removed only to find out that the blackheads previously removed have returned.

The revolution of best face mask for blackheads really made progress when masks were invented. The reason for this is that blackhead sufferers were now able to tackle the challenge of blackhead-removal in the comfort of their own home, at their own pace and chosen time. Gone was the inconvenience of having to see a doctor. With the arrival of the best face mask for blackhead removal, everything became easier.

Are Blackhead Masks Good for Your Skin?

Many blackhead removal masks contain ingredients that are good for the skin. Depending on what kind of mask you purchase, you can reap the benefits of the other ingredients that the mask contains. The secret is to know which ingredients to look out for and how each one works.

Advantage of Blackhead Removal Mask

There are many advantages you can gather from using blackhead removal masks. For one thing, these masks come in handy packs that are portable. You can bring a few masks with you in your traveling bag to use on your travels. The masks don’t take up a lot of space either, making it easy to store and keep in your dresser or bathroom.

Types of Blackhead Removal Mask

There are various types of blackhead removal masks. One type is the kind in which you apply it on the face and it hardens, trapping the blackheads in the process. Other kinds of masks are self-heating and work by opening your pores wide enough to release each blackhead. Some are combined with charcoal, which draws out impurities along with the blackheads. There are also clay type mud masks and clear gels. Others need a facial brush to be applied while others are thin paper masks saturated with gel that you lay gently on your face. There are cut-out holes for the eyes and nose in these types of masks. You can purchase ready made masks in your favorite online or actual beauty store, or you can even make your own.

How to Make a Blackhead Peel off Mask at Home?

Do you want to make a homemade blackhead removal mask? To make your own blackhead peel off mask at home, you will need sheets of tissue paper and egg white from one to two eggs. The first thing you need to do is to separate the yolk from the whites of the eggs. Using a facial mask, begin to apply the egg white to the area of your face or body that has a concentration of black heads. Once a layer of egg white is on your skin, apply a layer of tissue paper on top of the egg white.

Paint the tissue with another layer of egg white. Next, apply another layer of tissue and then another layer of egg white. After the application of two layers of tissue, you can then wait for the egg white peel off mask to dry. This will take between twenty and thirty minutes. Make sure the mask is thoroughly dry before you attempt to peel it off.

To begin to peel off the mask, begin on one end by lifting the bit of tissue and then slowly peeling off the entire mask from your face. The egg white mask would have hardened in such a way that the mask will stay whole without tearing.

Do Charcoal Masks Really Remove Blackheads?

Charcoal masks contain activated charcoal as an ingredient. Activated charcoal has been known to be very absorbent, pulling toxins and sebum up from the deep layers of your pores. This is what makes them an effective facial ingredient. More and more people are becoming aware of the advantages of activated charcoal and its effectiveness in blackhead removal. More informed consumers look for charcoal as an ingredient in facials in order for pores to remain free from debris, leaving users with glowing, vibrant skin year after year.

Factors To Consider When Shopping

Now that you have decided to go ahead and buy yourself the best face mask for blackhead removal, there are a few factors to keep in mind.

The first thing to keep in mind is to determine if your skin is sensitive or not to clay masks in general. Do you have experience using clay

Do an allergy test on the inside of your wrist before you actually apply the new product to your face. If nothing happens after ten minutes and no allergies occur, then you can go ahead and apply the product to your face.

Find out whether you have dry, normal or oily skin. You will need to find products that address the skin type you have. Find clay masks tailor-made for dry skin, normal skin or oily skin depending on your skin type.

When To Start Using Blackhead Removal Mask?

Ideally, you need to consider using some of the best blackhead remover masks available in the market if you begin seeing blackheads where there were none in the past. The earlier you deal with the issue of blackheads, the faster you can enjoy renewed, clear and smooth skin. Use a blackhead removal mask the moment you notice that more than one blackhead has begun sprouting up in your face or neck. At times, you will find groups of blackheads appearing in other parts of your body. You can also use a blackhead removal mask on other areas of your body if necessary. You won’t really need a mask when you see just one blackhead now and then that disappears on its own. However, once the blackheads have appeared in groups, a mask is definitely the way to go.

Conclusion

A blackhead removal mask is an effective, convenient, quick and easy method of getting rid of blackheads in a hurry. Effective products do work and tackle the issue of blackheads sooner rather than later. Unsightly blackheads never need to be an issue for you when you know what to do. Whether you decide to make your own facial or find a product that works, dealing with unsightly blackheads is important the moment you notice that more than a few have sprouted up.

Beginner’s Guide To Buying Paintball Equipment

If you’ve never played paintball before, it’s best place to try this game first to make sure you like it before investing in your own gear as the equipment can be fairly expensive. Many players have their first experience at camp or a local commercial field or park. It is a lot easier to rent all the equipment needed, than spend hundreds of dollars on paintball supplies you only use one time because the game was too intense. Renting equipment at a field will run a player from $10-$30 per day; this is recommended for the first few times you play to make sure you will want to play enough times to warrant purchasing your own. Rental paintball guns and gear is often basic models and very easy to learn on. Shooting a paintball gun is not a complicated matter, however it can take a few games to familiarize yourself with the intensity of this venture when other players are shooting at you. When you get hit, you’re not only out of the game, but it hurts! The fear of getting hit causes many first time players a type of paralysis that takes some getting used to.

Once you’ve played with rental (or borrowed) gear a few times and decided paintball is the sport for you, a bit of research is in order. The first decision a new player who’s in the market for buying new gear is to decide what type of paintball they want to play. There are basically two different types; scenario and tournament paintball. Scenario paintball is played on an open course often in a natural setting (also called woodsball) with players carrying out military style missions using realistic looking assault type rifles and camouflage clothing. Tournament paintball is played on a closed course often with inflatable bunkers to hide behind for timed elimination matches (which team can eliminate the other in the given time period). These players use faster, electronic paintball guns and wear professional athletic jerseys and/or uniforms. Once you’ve determined which game you like best, the first piece of gear to purchase is a beginner level paintball gun. Starter paintball guns are simply made so they are easy to maintain and keep clean. Whether you choose woodsball or tournament play, beginner markers are easy to distinguish because they have the cheapest price tags.

After you have a good beginner paintball gun, the next required item on your list is a protective mask. You are not permitted to play without one, so this is mandatory equipment. There are other pieces of protective gear like elbow and knee pads, neck and chest protectors, however they serve only to keep the game more enjoyable/less painful but are not required. Paintball masks come in a wide variety of styles and price ranges yet all offer the same level of protection. Cheaper, entry level masks have less features and often single pane lenses that tend to fog up more. Expect to pay a bit more for thermal lenses but this feature is definitely worth the extra money. Generally, when it comes to protective gear, there is no specific gear for a specific type of play. However, manufacturers do make more “flashy” gear for tournament players and more “military pattern” gear for the scenario players.

The final piece of your initial set-up is an air tank; this is what powers your paintball gun. Some beginner paintball gun packages come with a CO2 tank but if yours doesn’t, this is a necessary expense. CO2 tanks come in different sizes but for the longest play choose the largest available; these are either 20 or 24oz. tanks and you can expect to pay $30-$40 for one. Air tanks come empty so you will have to get it filled before you can use it. Refills can be found at commercial fields, big box sporting goods stores (like Dick’s, Bass Pro or Cabellas) and some gun shops that sell air rifles. If you don’t have access to these types of facilities where you live, you can buy an adapter for your marker to use CO2 cartridges. These are cheap and readily available at Wal-Mart or gun stores however only offer a few shots/cartridge (25-30 depending on the gun). Depending on this method requires constantly changing out cartridges during play and will drain the fun right out of your game. If you have to go this route, paintball is probably not the sport to get into.

Unlike renting equipment, owning your own equipment will require you keep up with maintenance. Paintball guns work on bursts of high pressure air/CO2 to propel the ball at a high speed. The constant high pressure makes it common for little things to go wrong like busted o-rings causing malfunctions with your marker. Paintball is also very messy; the very nature of the game is shooting paint and getting hit (marked) with paint, so expect to have to clean your gun regularly after playing for even just a short period. Most paintball guns come with a barrel squeegee, cleaning cloth and extra o-rings for maintenance. Beginner markers are also usually very easy to take apart for cleaning and maintenance however this is not necessary but for maybe once/year for re-oiling and more thorough cleaning. Even though break downs occur regularly, most issues can be handled by yourself however it’s smart to purchase equipment from a well known brand name so there’s a good warranty in case you need to send something back.

Once you have everything you need to play, you will be excited to play and want to practice every chance you get. If you’re interested in climbing the tournament ranks, getting on a team or organizing your own will be paramount. To do this you will want to play with as many different teams/players at as many different fields/venues as possible. Even if you think you aren’t ready, choose a beginner level tournament and go ahead and enter. Getting tournament experience early will help you shape your skills, strategies and practices to hone yourself into a competitive player. Waiting until you feel ‘ready’ to compete will just put off learning important skills you need early on in your career. Competing will also tell you if it’s something you want to follow through with. Some players think they want to compete but after their first tournament change their mind and only end up playing recreationally; this is of course fine, but will shape how you play and what type of equipment you end up eventually buying.

Know going into it; paintball is not a cheap hobby. It can be quite expensive, but just like any hobby, if you love it, it’s not expensive at all! Test the waters first before diving into this investment by playing with rental or borrowed gear first. If you like it, buy a beginner’s set up to keep expenses down while you learn the game and what equipment you might like. If you fall in love with the sport (like most players end up doing), save your pennies for more expensive, higher performance markers and supplies. Once you have your dream set-up, costs go down, however ongoing expenses such as air refills, paintball ammo, tournament and travel fees must also be considered. If it’s all too confusing, don’t hesitate to ask a more experienced player for their advice about how to play or what to get and why.

Boxing Gloves Buying Guide: Tips to Remember

Boxing is one of the most effective ways to workout, socialize, and enhancing and maintaining the wellbeing of your health. However, one’s health can only be sustained if they have just the right type of fitness equipment for boxing. The most integral part of the boxing equipment is a pair of boxing gloves and a fighter may incur many injuries to their knuckles if they don’t use the right kind of boxing gloves, when they get in the ring to spar or if they just need to trade blows with a punching bag.

In order to purchase a decent pair of gloves for boxing, you must do a short research prior to your heading out for shopping. Here are few points you have to keep in mind;

First of all, are you familiar with the fact that boxing gloves are available in a variety of materials? Amid all these different materials, leather boxing gloves are the trendiest and admired by large quantity of professional boxers and they are considered to be the best for training and fighting purposes. Now these may be a little on the expensive side, but they can retain integrity for a longer period of time. Whether you are a professional boxer or simply an amateur beginner, it’s better to purchase gloves with laces; although if you need to use them during a practice session in a gym, you may need to go for Velcro wrist straps which would be better to fulfill that purpose.

On the other hand when you are buying boxing gloves, you need to carefully consider the size of the gloves that you are going to put your hands’ fate in. You can find them in large, medium and small sizes. An average man generally goes for a medium size but it will be better to ponder on whether the gloves will be stretched during their use or not; so it’s good to buy them accordingly.

Moreover, the weight of boxing gloves should also be considered before purchasing, as you may need to weigh in the regulations under which you may be fighting. You should always have a detailed discussion with your coach to get his recommendation regarding the right pair. Your boxing instructor will be the most helpful person in suggesting you about the right weight and material of your gloves. The weight generally ranges from 10 to 20 ounces, however, for kids such as preteens, it ranges from 4 to 8 ounces. The thicker your gloves the more protection will be on offer. Amateur fighters should go for 12 to 16 ounces, for added protection of course, whereas 10 ounce gloves are usually more appropriate for professional fighters.

Another significant thing you must keep in mind during training or a fight is that your hands must be covered with another layer under the gloves you are sporting. Hand wraps are important as they provide extra padding to your wrists, knuckles and smaller bones in hands. So, buying hand wraps prior to buying boxing gloves is extremely important.

Hope this article will help you in providing sufficient information regarding the right kind of boxing gloves for you own needs.

Your comments will highly be appreciated…

Here’s a Guide to Buying Electronics Online

Buying products online is more common than ever now, as it is difficult to argue against the convenience it offers. Consumers save tons of time buying from the comfort of their homes or wherever they are. They no longer have to go down to the shop, suffering through traffic and burning fuel along the way, to make a purchase.

It has been pretty much the same with electronics, as people have gained more confidence in buying such products online, even though they were unsure of it before. A great reason behind this has been the flash sales or the discounts on certain festivals, with online e-commerce websites encouraging such sales through different campaigns. But, there are still things that can go wrong when you are purchasing such goods online, even from the best electronic stores. There are a few things a consumer needs to be aware of, to avoid mishaps in buying electronics. Some of these are listed as follows:

Make sure to compare prices

A lot of the times people are buying products online, they see a sale sign and they instantly rush to buy that item. It is possible, especially in the case of electronics that the specific product could be at a sale at a cheaper price on a different website. Thus, it can be beneficial to you to check prices on all the major, reputable online websites you can find. Additionally, there are a few websites that do offer that same functionality, so visiting them might also be an option.

Keeping track of price history

Speaking of these price comparison websites, some of them also allow you to check the price history of a certain product and to determine when it was at its highest, or when it declined the most. Using that information, you can find out the best time to buy the product you want at the cheapest rate possible.

Considering refurbished or used items

It used to be the case that people generally advised against buying used or refurbished electronics, as they did not last very long and more often than not, there were problems with the product. Such problems exist even today, but there are guarantees in place that provide the user with more confidence and faith in the product. There are also certified refurbished items from the manufacturing company itself and can be a great money saver for a lot of people.

Check for reviews

If you have doubts or fears about a certain product, they can be put to rest by consulting reviews that can be found in abundance on the website. A general rule of thumb indicates that if a review of a certain product is hard to find, it would be a wise decision to refrain from buying that product. Electronics are no different, as there seems to be an endless amount of brands releasing all sorts of products every week. The best electronic stores and websites too, provide a rating system for products that can be useful in determining the customer satisfaction, which can in turn help other customers make an informed decision.

Electric Planer: Complete Buying Guide

An electric planer is used to shave wood from a surface in order make it level. If you are planning to do a lot of planing for a large project, then you should use a stationary planer that is also designed to handle larger and denser material.

On the other hand, if you need to take your planing capability with you on multiple job sites or only need the planer for small projects, a handheld electric planer will do the job. This article is designed to help you choose the right handheld electric planer.

What should you consider when buying an electric planar?

Power

You can choose between corded and cordless electric planer models. Cordless models give you the flexibility to operate without access to electric power while corded models are generally more powerful.

How much power you need depends on the material you’re planing and the size of your project. A lightweight cordless model may be fine for small projects in less dense wood material, while you will probably choose a corded model with plenty of power to complete a large project like a deck or a project that uses denser material.

Cordless models are also more expensive, so if you are watching your budget, a corded model will be a better choice.

Despite inroads by cordless models, corded models still dominate the electric planer landscape. So, when considering power, you’re generally looking for the Amps rating.

For most applications, an Amp rating of 7 Amps or more should be adequate. If you’re planning to do heavy-duty planing in dense material for frequent large projects, you can buy an electric planer with a 10-Amp rating or more.

The larger the motor the heavier the electric planer, so keep that in mind when choosing.

RPM

An electric planer uses a cutting wheel that rotates at high speed to shave wood from the surface you’re working with. Higher speeds usually translate to more even, consistent cuts. You should choose a model with an RPM rating of 15,000 or more.

Maximum Cutting Depth

The maximum cutting depth determines how much material you can remove with each pass. A deeper cut allows you to finish faster, but only if your planer is up to the task. If you have the right amount of power and the right RPM, you can cut more material per pass if the electric planer has the right maximum depth capability.

Cutting depths from 2/32 inch up to 5/32 inch or more are available. Planers also come in various widths achieving faster passes by removing more material area than depth. Generally, wider planing widths mean shallower maximum cutting depth, but may end up removing more material faster overall.

Maximum Cutting Width

A common maximum cutting width for an electric planer is 3-1/4 inches. If you need to remove more material, larger widths are available. Wider electric planers are usually more powerful and more expensive.

Cutting Blades

Most common handheld electric planers have dual blades that remove the material. Blades take a lot of abuse spinning at over 15,000 RPM which means that each blade is hitting the material 15,000 times per minute. Depending on the material, blades can go dull very rapidly. Blades for light to medium duty are made from high-strength steel (HSS). If you will be using your planer for frequent heavy-duty use, a better choice are carbide blades if they are available.

Some blades are reversible for double the use before they need to be replaced. Still other blades can also be sharpened so you can use them multiple times before having to replace them with new ones.

Depth Control

The depth of the cut you’re using to remove material is one of the most crucial factors in effective planing. Most models come with some sort of depth adjustment.

Typically, they include a depth control knob that allows you to adjust the depth of your cut down to the maximum cutting depth.

One important consideration is whether the depth adjustment is calibrated. If you need highly accurate material removal, make sure the depth gauge or adjustment knob is calibrated.

Some models come with click stops at standard increments that provide more positive control over the depth if the click stops are properly calibrated.

Power Cord

Since you’re tethered to a power outlet, it’s nice to have a long power cord that keeps you from having to carry an extension cord. The length of power cords that planer manufacturers provide varies like the wind. Suffice it to say, a longer cord is more convenient.

Accessories

Some common included accessories that can be very helpful are a planer guide/fence and some sort of dust control capability.

If you work with wood, you have to plane wood. Wood is an imperfect material with only rough dimensions from the mill. If your project needs finished dimensions, you will need to plane the wood to achieve the excellent results you’re looking for. I sincerely hope that this guide has provided you with valuable information that helps you choose the best electric planer for your needs.

Outdoor TV Antenna: HDTV Antenna Buying Guide

The advantage of choosing to use an outdoor TV antenna instead of an indoor TV antenna is reception. An indoor TV antenna has the disadvantages of being smaller and having to receive TV signals through the structure of your home or other building. That typically translates to a less powerful signal and poorer reception. An outdoor TV antenna can be larger and can achieve line of site with the transmitting antenna with no obstructions.

Some disadvantages of an outdoor TV antenna include a possibly complex installation and longer cable runs. If you want the best TV reception in your area and you're either trying to cut the ties with your cable company or you don't have the option of cable TV, then an outdoor TV antenna has the best chance of meeting your expectations.

TV antennas and antennas in general are difficult to understand. You could place the same digital antenna in two different locations and get vastly different reception results. That means that the performance of any TV antenna is going to be highly dependent on its location. The best thing to do before you buy any outdoor TV antenna is to perform some signal analysis.

Signal Analysis

What is signal analysis? Websites like AntennaWeb.org and TVFool.com give you the best shot at predicting what type of antenna you need before you buy. You provide them with some basic information about your location and their software will perform an analysis of the HD antenna type that is most likely to deliver the best results.

By way of example, I live in Virginia Beach, Virginia. It happens to be the largest city in Virginia and as you might expect, has several TV stations close by. In fact, I live within 10 miles of several stations and they all happen to be in about the same direction from my house.

To do an analysis, I entered my zip code into AntennaWeb.org. Its analysis showed me that there are no less than 48 channels from 23 stations that I should be able receive at my location. For each local TV channel, it lists the RF channel, its distance from my location, and the relative direction to the channel's broadcast antenna. From my location, most of the channels are southwest of us within 25 miles. That means that most UHF / VHF antennas should work fine for us.

Not everyone lives in a big metropolitan area with lots of choices for local TV channels and where just about any digital TV antenna will do. If you live in a small town in eastern Montana, for instance, you might only be able to get four channels from two stations and then only if you use a large directional outdoor HDTV antenna mounted high on a mast.

The AntennaWeb.org site can be a little daunting. If all you want to see is a nice map of your local TV stations and their relationship to your location, you can go to CopRadar.com. Enter your address and distance to your local towers and it will produce a map showing the TV towers oriented around your address in that range.

You can also get similar information from TVFool.com and AntennasDirect.com.

What should you look for in an outdoor antenna?

Power

Antenna power is misleading because antennas are passive and don't actually generate any power. It actually refers to the antenna's gain, which measures how much power of the transmitting antenna's power your antenna can actually receive. The higher the gain, the better the reception. Gain is also a complex topic so most antenna companies choose to publish the range of the antenna in miles. It's not a good comparison tool since range is sensitive to a number of local conditions between you and the transmitting antenna. That said, for the average consumer, it's probably about the only specification that you will be able to compare.

Frequency

TV stations broadcast over UHF and VHF frequencies. To have the best chance at receiving the most channels in your area, you should choose an antenna with both UHF and VHF capability. The only time you would want to choose an antenna with a single frequency range capability is when you only have the choice of one or the other at your location. For most, a dual UHF / VHF TV antenna is the way to go.

Directional or Multi-directional

You point a directional antenna in a single direction in attempt to improve the signal strength of a single station or set of stations in that direction. If your stations are far away in a specific direction or there is a lot of interference, a large directional outdoor TV antenna would be the right choice.

A multi-directional antenna does not need to be oriented in a particular direction as it is capable of receiving signals from multiple directions simultaneously. If your channels are all around you in multiple directions, then a multi-directional antenna would be a good choice.

Antenna Height

You might have guessed that if you place an outdoor TV antenna higher, you will improve its range. You might not know that it can also reduce the effect of nearby interference and improve the quality of the reception. For channels that are very far away from your location, you may need to mount your directional or multi-directional antenna on a mast to get the best reception.

Interference

Interference makes it more difficult for your TV's receiver to distinguish the TV signal from the background noise.

Electronic interference is everywhere and it's getting worse. When you add wireless devices, electrical equipment, and appliances to your home, you are increasing the potential for interference. In addition, you may have to contend with physical interference from tall buildings, water towers, hills, and other tall objects that reflect, distort, and interfere with TV signal reception.

You can improve reception by raising your antenna higher above the ground, moving it outside, or moving it away from local noise sources.

Indoors or Outdoors

This article is about outdoor TV antennas, but of course most people would like to mount a simple indoor TV antenna near their TV that will do the same job. Unfortunately, despite the claims of antenna manufacturers, the Laws of Physics are still in effect. In other words, all other factors being equal, a larger outdoor antenna will deliver better reception than a smaller indoor antenna.

Indoor antennas also have the disadvantage of receiving their signals through the building materials of your home or other building. Dense materials like concrete and metal are particularly problematic. An antenna placed near your TV will most likely have to fight against the most electronic interference. Interference from both your building and electronics will negatively affect signal strength and degrade reception.

So, the obvious answer would be to locate your TV antenna outdoors (even in your attic), high, and away from interference.

What's obvious is not always practical. If you live in a strict subdivision that prohibits outdoor antennas, you may be stuck installing it inside. Placing it high up in an attic is better than placing it inside your home. An attic is higher and is also farther away from interference inside the building. Without an attic, you may be forced to go with an indoor TV antenna.

Amplifier

A TV antenna amplifier is normally placed at the antenna to amplify the signal from the antenna to your TV receiver. It can improve reception quality, but it's not a miracle cure for poor signal strength. Whatever noise arrives at the antenna is also amplified by the amplifier and may degrade reception. Placing the amplifier near the antenna delivers the best possible signal to the amplifier and reduces noise that can be introduced into connecting cables and connectors.

An amplifier's best use is with an outdoor antenna where the antenna is very far away from the TV receiver or in the situation where you need to provide the signal to your whole house. Some antennas have built-in amplifiers.

A mid-range, low-cost outdoor TV antenna will give most users the range they need to bring in even longer range channels effectively.

We sincerely hope that this article has provided you with valuable information that helps you choose the outdoor TV antenna that best fits your needs!